Don't know where to start? Here's how to tackle 1099 taxes in 5 steps
Filing taxes with 1099 income? It's hard to know where to start, but the process is less complicated than you think! Follow these five steps and file taxes with confidence.
Step 1: Gather all of your income information
When you file your taxes, you’re reporting your income, deductions, and a few details about your tax situation to the IRS. That’s why the very first step to filing your taxes is gathering information about your income.
Here are some documents you’ll want to make sure you have with you:
Self-employed or independent taxpayers will usually receive 1099 forms that report their income. Your first goal in the tax filing process is to find your 1099s.
In most cases, you’ll receive a 1099-MISC. However, if you worked for a third party network provider then your income will likely be reported on a 1099-K. Typically companies aren’t required to issue 1099-Ks unless you earn $20,000 or more by using their service, and they have processed over 200 transactions on your behalf. However, many on-demand services (like Uber) will issue these forms no matter how much you made.
If you’ve made less than $20,000, you’ll need to gather any other income statements that you’ve been issued throughout the year (or worst case scenario, check your bank records to see when you’ve received income).
Didn’t receive a 1099? You’ll still have to report your income! Even if you didn’t make the income threshold to receive a 1099 ($600 for a 1099-MISC, and $20,000 for a 1099-K) or you didn’t receive it in the mail as planned, you’ll still need to find proof of that income and report it on your taxes.
Tip: If you’re an Uber driver, you can read how to download your 1099s here!
Step 2: Collect all of your deduction information
As an independent contractor, you almost certainly had expenses throughout the year that were directly related to your job. If you paid for these business expenses, then you can deduct them from your business income in order to reduce the amount you pay taxes on--yay, fewer taxes!
Common business deductions will include:
- Commissions and fees (such as the Uber booking and airport fees)
- Advertising (business cards, online ads, printing costs for flyers)
- Meals and entertainment (sharing a meal with a client)
- Office expenses
- A TON more
Here are some possible forms of documentation for your deductions:
- Income: 1099-K, 1099-MISC, Bank Statements
- Expenses: Uber Tax Summary, mileage logs, receipts with notes on them, invoices (for inventory purchased), phone bills, subscription payment confirmations
- Asset Purchases: Invoice for Laptop, Invoice for Cell Phone, Receipt for Equipment
In order to claim your deductions, you need to have sufficient proof of each expense, as well as documentation on why the expense was needed for your business. Your documentation will need to include:
- Amount of the expense
- Time and place of the expense
- Business purpose of the expense
Any documentation on how you use an expense will help your case. This is especially true when you have costs that apply to both your business and your personal life. The IRS will want to see exactly how often an asset (like a car or a cell phone) is used for business, and how often it’s used for personal reasons. That’s why keeping a mileage log, and saving your cell phone records is always a good idea.
If you’ve kept receipts for your business expenses: Good work! You won’t need to send in your documentation with your tax return, but be sure to hold on to all of them for at least three years so that in the off chance of an audit, you’ll have them for proof. Why three years? Often, it takes the IRS that long to uncover returns that require auditing — that’s why it’s best not to throw away your receipts for at least three years.
If you haven’t kept receipts: Don’t worry, you can still deduct business expenses--but you have some extra work to do.
Make sure you can find proof of each business expense. You can do this by going through your bank statements to find proof of the expense, looking through your old calendars to find proof of client meetings, and checking through all of your business records to find reasonable business purposes for your deductions.
If you haven’t been tracking mileage either: Don’t panic. You should definitely start tracking your mileage if you drive for work, but read here to learn how to find business mileage that you weren’t tracking.
Step 3: Choose a filing method
There are many tax filing options available to you, including online software, tax preparers, nonprofits that will file for you free of charge--not to mention filling out forms by hand the old fashioned way.
Which filing method is right for you?
Tax filing software ranges in price, from free filing through Credit Karma Tax all the way to TurboTax Self-Employed for about $80 ($130 including state filing). If you don’t have that complicated of a tax return (filing as a single individual, as opposed to joint, and already have everything you need prepared), then software is a great option.
Some software options include:
Tax preparers and CPAs
If you have a complicated tax return and are willing to spend a little extra for a tax preparer or CPA, then you could hire a licensed tax preparer. There are also a number of big box tax preparation companies that are a bit more cost effective than hiring an accountant.
Example tax prep companies:
- H&R Block
- Liberty Tax
Low income options
There are also a number of free tax preparation nonprofits that will help you at no charge, depending on your income. You can read more about some of these free programs here.
Step 4: File!
Now that you’ve gathered all the necessary information, you’re ready to file. If you’re using a tax preparer, you’ll just need to bring your documentation with you, and they’ll prepare most of your return for you.
If you’re using a filing software or are filing by hand, you’ll need to set aside about an hour to prepare your entire tax return.
Worried you’ll run into trouble when you’re filing your taxes? No problem--you have a ton of resources available to you when it comes to filing with self-employment income.
Stride has a Tax Center that will answer a lot of the questions you may have about filing with business income. We also have filing guides created for both Credit Karma Tax and H&R Block.
Additionally, most tax filing softwares have great blogs and help centers that have answers to all of the common questions about filing taxes--check out H&R Block’s and TurboTax’s blogs for a preview.
Step 5: Get Stride Tax
While tackling 1099 taxes seems complicated, it doesn’t have to be. We’ve made a free app that helps contractors easily keep track of mileage and expenses throughout the year. This means that when tax time rolls around, you aren’t scrambling to find receipts and make risky assumptions about mileage. Have an accountant? They will love you for using it! Download and start using it today.
Disclaimer: The information contained in this Guide is not offered as legal or tax advice. The U.S. federal income tax discussion included in this Guide is for general information purposes only and is not a complete analysis or discussion of all potential tax consequences that may be relevant to a particular individual. In light of the foregoing, each individual should consult with and seek advice from such individual’s own tax advisor with respect to the tax consequences discussed herein. Any information contained in this Guide is not intended to be used, and cannot be used, for purposes of avoiding penalties imposed under the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.