Top Tax Deductions for Actors, Musicians, and Other Performers
As a performer, you can save hundreds (even thousands!) of dollars at tax time by deducting business expenses. That’s because every time you write off an expense, you lower your taxable income – putting the money you spend on your business back in your pocket.
A Few Things to Keep in Mind
When it comes to deducting business expenses, there are certain regulations you need to follow:
Business expenses must be both ordinary (commonly accepted in your trade) and necessary (helpful and appropriate for your business). The expenses we list below fall into this category.
The IRS requires documentation of any business expense you deduct. That’s why it’s so important to track your expenses during the year. If you didn’t track your expenses last year, don’t worry; our guide shows you how to retroactively find deductible expenses.
Because there’s always a chance you may be audited, save your business receipts for at least three years after you file your taxes.
Tax Deductions for Actors, Musicians, and Other Performers
Here are 17 tax deductions for actors, musicians, and other performers you should be keeping track of throughout the year.
1. Mileage: Keep track of all your business-related trips! While there are lots of ways to do this (like taking odometer readings before and after trips), the easiest way is to use an app like Stride Tax that records mileage while you drive to, between, and from auditions, shows, rehearsals, classes, and performances.
If you choose to take the standard mileage deduction, keep in mind that you cannot deduct individual vehicle expenses like gas, oil changes, car repairs, and car insurance.
2. Home Office: The IRS keeps a close eye on this deduction, so make sure you only write off your office if it’s a dedicated home workspace used solely and regularly for your business.
Have a home office? You can write it off with either:
The simplified option: Multiply the square footage of your office (up to 300 square feet) by the standard rate of $5.
The actual expense method: Add up the expenditures related to your home office, including:
Direct expenses, such as supplies for and repairs to your office. You can deduct these in full.
Indirect expenses, like your mortgage, insurance, and utilities. You’ll divide the total cost of these expenses by the percentage of your home that’s used for business.
3. Professional Development: You can deduct the cost of any professional education that maintains or improves your skills, such as acting classes and coaching lessons.
4. Performance Essentials: You can write off expenses that you invest in for your performances, such as:
Picks and strings
Makeup, hair, and nails
Note: If you purchase something for your business that has a useful life of over one year—like a costume or an instrument—then you'd record it as a business asset, and deduct a portion of the expense over multiple years!
5. Equipment and Supplies: Equipment you purchase to run your business is deductible. For example, if you’re a musician, this would include your instruments, cases, bows, and music stands.
6. Rehearsal and Studio Fees: The cost of renting out rehearsal and performance spaces is deductible. You can also deduct booking fees for recording studios.
7. Agent / Manager Fees: Keep track of any fees your agent charges… they’re deductible!
8. Headshots & Demo Recordings: Expenses related to marketing your talents, like professional headshots or demo recordings, are deductible.
9. Dues: You can write off dues for unions, theater companies, and the like.
10. Memberships: You can deduct any membership dues you pay to professional organizations (like the American Federation of Musicians) that help you do your job.
11. Subscriptions: The cost of subscriptions to trade publications are deductible.
12. Cell Phone Bills: Do you use your phone exclusively for business? You can fully deduct related expenses (including the phone purchase and monthly bills). If you also use your phone for personal reasons, you should only deduct the portion used for business. The best way to do this is to calculate what percentage of your calls were work-related and then claim that percentage of your bill.
13. Business Cards: Designing and printing business cards is a deductible marketing expense.
14. Printing and Copying: Keep your receipt anytime you print or copy work-related materials like marketing flyers, brochures, and office records. Print jobs are deductible!
15. Parking: Anytime you have to pay for parking while you’re working, save your receipts; these expenses are deductible. Unfortunately, this doesn’t apply to parking tickets or traffic violations, so drive safely!
16. Tolls: Any toll fees you pay while working are tax deductible as long as they’re not already being reimbursed.
17. Health Insurance: As long as you don’t get health insurance via a spouse or employer, you can deduct 100 percent of your monthly premiums. Keep in mind that if you receive a government subsidy, you can only write off the amount you pay each month (not the original price of your plan). Note: your health insurance premiums are taken as a personal deduction on Form 1040, NOT deducted as a business expense.
Some Common Expenses You Can’t Deduct
The IRS deems some common expenses as non-deductible. These include:
Personal hygiene expenses, like haircuts, clothing that can be reasonably worn outside of work, and dry cleaning (unless it’s for a uniform)
Legal violation fees, like parking tickets or court fees
Commuting mileage if you work at a permanent office away from home
Life insurance premiums when you are the beneficiary, even if you take the policy out to secure a business loan
An Easy Way to Track Your Expenses
Have you tried our free expense tracker? Stride Tax is an app that makes it simpler than ever to find deductible expenses, take pictures of receipts, and automatically record business mileage.